With the Rio Olympics and Paralympics over, the focus for
the Zika virus has moved with hotspots of the virus being reported across the
Africa and Asia Pacific regions due largely to mosquito friendly weather
A recent cluster of cases in Singapore has given cause for
concern and if you live in any of the regions affected, or are likely to be
visiting, then you may find the following facts, do’s and don’ts very helpful:
Zika virus disease
is caused by a virus transmitted primarily by Aedes mosquitoes.
People with Zika
virus disease can have symptoms including mild fever, skin rash,
conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, malaise or headache.
normally last for 2-7 days.
There is scientific
consensus that Zika virus is a cause of microcephaly and Guillain-Barré
Links to other
neurological complications are also being investigated
Prevent and control mosquito breeding by:
- Covering all water tanks and containers with
- Disposing & destroying all unused
containers, junk materials, tyres, coconut shells etc.
- Emptying, scrubbing & dry deserting coolers
every week before refilling.
- Using larvivorous fish in ornamental tanks at
houses and hotels
- Observing a weekly dry day
- Emptying and scrubbing all containers holding water
for a week like bird bath, flower vase, ant-trappers etc
For Personal Protection
Use bed-net at home and hospital during Dengue/
Zika Virus fever to prevent mosquito bite so as to interrupt transmission.
To avoid mosquito bite during day time wear full
sleeved clothing and apply mosquito repellent.
For managing fever
Use paracetamol for fever.
- Don’t allow water to stagnate in and around
your house in coolers, buckets barrels, flower pots, bird baths, freeze
trays, coconut shells etc.
- Don’t throw broken utensils, unused bottles,
tins, old tyres and other junk materials here and there as Aedes
mosquitoes breed in these objects during rainy season.
- Don’t use Aspirin to treat fever.
- There is no specific medicine for Zika Virus
- Don't self-medicate – always consult your doctor
Prevention against Mosquito Bites
Protection against mosquito bites is a key measure to
prevent Zika virus infection. This can be done by wearing clothes (preferably
light-coloured) that cover as much of the body as possible; using physical
barriers such as window screens or closing doors and windows; sleeping under mosquito
nets; and using insect repellent containing DEET, IR3535 or icaridin according
to the product label instructions.
Special attention and help should be given to those who
may not be able to protect themselves adequately, such as young children, the
sick or elderly. Travellers and those living in affected areas should take the
basic precautions described above to protect themselves from mosquito bites.
information is available on www.who.int as
well as government websites.
safe if you are travelling around and remember – Mayfair Cares.
acknowledgement and thanks to the World Health Organisation