mellitus is one of the oldest known human diseases. It has been advancing
relentlessly in modern times mostly in developed countries and is now among the
leading causes of death. Below is a brief overview of what you need to know
What exactly is it?
have heard about it and many know someone who suffers with the condition but
few know exactly what it is.
condition arises when the body does not produce enough insulin or the insulin
doesn't work normally. There are a
number of reasons why insulin secretions may be reduced. An individual could be
affected by more than one cause. The main causative agents of diabetes include
genetics, being overweight, infections and pancreatic diseases.
The Types of Diabetes
two main types of diabetes; namely Type I and Type II, but it is worth noting
that there are also several other subtypes.
diabetes is also called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). Type I afflicts around 5% of diabetics. Those
affected must have regular injections of insulin.
diabetes is also called non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). It is
the most common type, affecting over 90% of diabetics. This type generally hits
around the middle or later life. However, younger patients are increasingly
diagnosed with Type II diabetes.
The Symptoms and Complications of Diabetes
classical symptoms of diabetes are excessive thirst, excessive appetite, and
excessive urination. However, few symptoms show early in the disease. Other
symptoms include dehydration, tiredness, lethargy, and blurred vision.
progresses, its effects can be devastating, affecting all organs of the body.
Diabetes can cause large blood vessels due to plaque buildup (made up of
cholesterol and other fats). Plaque ruptures can form blood clots, which impede
blood flow to vital areas like the heart and brain.
blood flow increases the risk of having a heart attack, suffering a
stroke. It can also lead to peripheral
arterial disease (lack of blood flow to the lower limbs). This may cause pain
and discoloration in the lower legs and slow healing wounds. If this continues
for a long time, it may increase your risk of amputation.
of high blood sugar can damage the small blood vessels in your eyes, nerves,
and kidney. This can lead to eye problems, diabetic kidney disease, and nerve
Protecting Yourself from Diabetes dangers
thing you need to know is that you will not inevitably develop complications
simply because you have diabetes. Research has shown that the better your blood
glucose control, the less likely you are to experience any complications. It
has been demonstrated that diabetics can normalize their blood sugar levels by
following a simple diet and increasing physical activities.
diet is very low in fat and high in fibre. Consume more natural fibre-rich
foods, simply prepared and low in fat. Avoid refined and processed foods.
Markedly reduce fats, oil, and grease.
proper diabetic control, giving up (or not starting) smoking can reduce your
chances of developing complications. Smoking and diabetes definitely don’t mix.
All of the
aforementioned dangers are more common in individuals who smoke.
a common condition and seems to be increasing in incidence worldwide. However,
there is some good news too. There is a
great deal of research into prevention, cures, and treatments of the symptoms
and complications. Our understanding of the disease has increased dramatically,
and the future prospects for diabetics are promising.
Additional References https;//www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/diabetes